Sustainability has become a byword connected to the cultivation of oil palms. Due to the ever-growing demand for oils and fats for the food industry the area under crops was increased enormously during the last years. Tropical rainforests hat to give way for palm plantations. The consequences were not only slashing and burning, but also a deletion of rural communities and severe social conflicts. We know that a further increase will be necessary. But it is important that this happens in a sustainable way, which is agreeable from the economical, social and ecological point of view.